Top 5 countries with the most Olympic World Record holders

Olympics, USA, Swimming, Athletics

Here we will discuss the top 5 countries that have produced the maximum number of athletes who have an Olympic World Record in their sport or category.

S. No. Country  No. of record holders
1 USA 28
2 China 18
3 Russia  14
4 Germany  12
5 Australia  10


The United States of America holds 28 Olympic world records in a range of sports, including swimming, track and field, and gymnastics. Michael Phelps has won the most Olympic gold medals in swimming, while Carl Lewis set records in the long jump and sprints. 

The United States also dominates women’s gymnastics, with athletes such as Simone Biles setting records. Their dominance extends to team sports, such as basketball, where they have set numerous scoring records.


China possesses 18 records, with notable success in gymnastics, weightlifting, diving, and table tennis. At the 1984 Olympics, gymnast Li Ning set a record by winning six medals. Weightlifter Liao Hui broke several records in the clean and jerk. 

China’s diving team, which includes athletes such as Guo Jingjing, has set multiple records for the highest scores. Table tennis players such as Zhang Jike have also established records, demonstrating China’s versatility and strength across multiple Olympic sports.


Russia holds 14 records, including major achievements in gymnastics, weightlifting, and track and field. Larisa Latynina now holds the record for the most Olympic medals in gymnastics. Tatiana Kashirina, a weightlifter, achieved world records in the snatch and clean and jerk. 

Russia also excels in winter sports, with records in figure skating and biathlon. Their track and field competitors, including Yelena Isinbayeva in the pole vault, have achieved long-standing world records, demonstrating Russia’s athletic depth.


Germany holds 12 records, largely in swimming, cycling, and rowing. Kristin Otto created history by winning six gold medals in swimming at the 1988 Seoul Olympics. Kristina Vogel has established world records in track cycling. 

German rowers, especially Thomas Lange, have set numerous records in different rowing events. Furthermore, Germany has achieved records in winter sports, particularly luge and biathlon, demonstrating its prowess in endurance and precision sports.


Australia has ten records, primarily in swimming but also in cycling and rowing. Ian Thorpe, also known as the “Thorpedo,” set multiple records in freestyle swimming. Emma McKeon recently beat the record for most medals won by an Australian in a single Olympics. 

Anna Meares, an Australian cyclist, has achieved track cycling records. The rowing squad, which includes the Oarsome Foursome, has also achieved world records, demonstrating Australia’s strength in both aquatic and endurance sports.