Rugby sevens, often called “sevens,” is a fast-paced variant of rugby union. It features seven players on each team, unlike the traditional 15-a-side rugby union game. In rugby sevens, the field size is similar to that of 15-a-side rugby, and the main goal remains unchanged: advance the ball to the opposing team’s end of the field and score points by scoring tries, conversions, and occasionally penalties and drop goals.
Rugby Sevens Rules and Regulations
There are seven players on the field for each team simultaneously. Teams typically have additional players available as substitutes. The objective of rugby sevens is the same as rugby union: score more points than the opposing team by carrying, passing, and kicking the ball while preventing the opposing team from doing the same.
A standard rugby sevens match consists of two halves, each lasting seven minutes, with a one-minute halftime break. During the knockout stages of tournaments, the organizers may extend the duration and play extra time.
Typically, Players play Rugby sevens on a standard rugby union field with precise dimensions (100 meters long and 70 meters wide). However, fewer players on each team means more open space, leading to a faster-paced game.
- Players can pass the ball backwards or laterally but cannot pass it forward.
- Players must make tackles below the shoulders, often grabbing the ball carrier and pulling them to the ground.
- When a tackle occurs, the tackled player must release the ball, and both teams vie for possession.
- The team with possession aims to maintain ball possession and advance it up the field while avoiding turnovers and scoring tries.
- The game earns its reputation for continuous play and swift transitions between attack and defence.
- Try: Scoring a try (touching the ball down over the opponent’s try line) is worth 5 points.
- Conversion: After a try, the scoring team can kick a conversion worth 2 points. The player takes the kick from a position in line with where they scored the try.
- Penalty Goal: The opposing team awards a penalty goal worth 3 points for specific rule infractions, and the player takes the kick from the spot of the penalty.
- Drop Goal: Scoring a drop goal earns 3 points, and a player achieves this by kicking the ball through the opponent’s goalposts during open play.